Members of the Swedish Academy
The Swedish Academy has eighteen members. It is said that Gustaf III originally intended there to be twenty, half the number of those in the French Academy, but eventually decided on eighteen because the Swedish word for that number had such a fine ring. Membership is for life.
Election is by secret ballot in the Academy, and before the result is made public it must be submitted to the Academy's Patron, the King, for his approval.
Writers were initially in the minority, most members being important officials. The first half of the nineteenth century was the epoch of great poets in the Swedish Academy, whereas the second half shows a prominent contribution from scholars, chiefly historians and linguists. During the twentieth century and up to its end the number of writers grew to represent more than half of The Eighteen. The Academy also includes linguists, literary scholars, historians and a prominent jurist. The female element has been limited: so far nine women have been admitted to the Academy.
Present members of the Swedish Academy:
Chair no 1 Vacant
Chair no 2 Bo Ralph, b. 1945 (elected 1999)
Chair no 3 Sture Allén, b. 1928 (elected 1980)
Chair no 4 Anders Olsson, b. 1949 (elected 2008), Acting Permanent Secretary
Chair no 5 Göran Malmqvist, b. 1924 (elected 1985)
Chair no 6 Tomas Riad, b. 1959 (elected 2011)
Chair no 7 Sara Danius, b. 1962 (elected 2013)
Chair no 8 Jesper Svenbro, b. 1944 (elected 2006)
Chair no 9 Vacant
Chair no 10 Peter Englund, b. 1957 (elected 2002)
Chair no 11 Vacant
Chair no 12 Per Wästberg, b. 1933 (elected 1997)
Chair no 13 Vacant
Chair no 14 Kristina Lugn, b. 1948 (elected 2006)
Chair no 15 Vacant
Chair no 16 Kjell Espmark, b. 1930 (elected 1981)
Chair no 17 Horace Engdahl, b. 1948 (elected 1997)
Chair no 18 Katarina Frostenson, b. 1953 (elected 1992)